According to Odekunle, (2001) and Ibuku (1997) defined education as manpower that accelerate the socio-economic development of the nation, they also added that education is regarded as an instrument of social change of an economic development.
- T. Ekundayo and I. A. Ajayi, added that education plays a crucial role in the supply of high level of manpower for the social- political and economic development of the nation, they also said that educational sector is necessary to examines the myriads of problems militating against the effective of the university education system.
The word “education” means the development of intellectual capability of individuals to understand and appreciate their local and external environment, i.e. to say education is widely accepted as a major instrument for promoting socio- economic, political and cultural development in Nigeria.
For instance those who are not educated in our society think and behave different from those who are educated, e.g. he/she will have a broader and a logical outlook towards subjects like sexual discrimination, health and recreations.
Let’s discuss briefly on the origin of education in Nigeria universities
The history of education in Nigeria started with the establishment of university college Ibadan (UCL) in 1948, which was an affiliate of the University of London (Ike, 1976).
According Ibuku (1997) the college Ibadan (UCL) was saddled with a member of problems at inception ranging from rigid constitutional provisions, which was the poor staffing and low enrollment to dropout the rate.
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Effects of Education in Nigerian Universities
We will duel on five areas of effects of education in Nigerian universities:
- Economic Growth: For a country to see steady economic growth, education must be the number one priority. For every year of year, a person’s average increases, this means that the GDP could increase by one present every year, if all citizens receive a quality education.
If girls receive the same education as boys, a developed country could gain a reasonable amount of money every year.
- Minimization of Malnutrition: This is problem that many countries are facing today. Education has the potential to decrease malnutrition in this country. Education can provide people with new, more effective farming techniques, which can increase crop production and decrease the malnutrition.
- Education Closes Gender Gap: This is to say for many years, women were not allowed to attend school or obtain an education, because our forefathers said that women education were not good to the nation. But I thank God for now because women who gain an education are working towards minimizing the gap to further the abilities of women around the world. An education often prevents young girls from being married off into a potentially limiting or harmful situation. And also women who are educated are able to make better decisions for their selves.
- Education Promote Health: People who have an education are significantly healthier than those who are not. Maternal health benefits hugely from education. A child who is born to an educated mother is 50 percent more likely to survive past the age of five. In the same way, every additional year of education, a mother has lowers the child mortality rate by two percent.
Educated mothers are twice as likely to immunize their children, and are more likely to seek prenatal care and assisted childbirth.
- Decreases of Poverty: about millions of children who are not enrolled in primary school. Of these kids, half a million lives in poverty. It is hardest for those living below the poverty line to even imagine sending their kids to school because in many countries, obtaining an education is not free. If there must be a choice between eating a meal and eating a child, most families would choose eating meal. Boys are often kept out of school so that they can work and bring in money for the family, while girls are kept out to farm, cook and do other things at home that are needed to keep the family functioning
Prospects of Education in Nigerian Universities
We will now consider five major prospect of education in Nigeria universities:
But before I point out the prospect of education, I consider what Adetola Adekoya said on June 16, 2016.
He said that education in Nigeria is a shared responsibility of everyone, government, stakeholders, parents, teachers and the society at large. He further said that it is unfortunate that when issue of the Nigeria education system is raised, the first thought that comes to people minds are: decline in standard, deterioration of facilities, examination malpractice, mass promotion syndrome and the likes. He also said that there is a need for an in-depth study and analyzing the aimed by educating each and every stakeholders in the educational system on how their actions and inactions on individual so as to collect contribution to the collapsing of state education in Nigeria.
Five major prospects of education in Nigeria universities
- Eradication of Poverty, Hunger, Ignorance and Illiteracy: to restructuring the educational system in Nigeria would bring about eradication of poverty, illiteracy and ignorance in our society. Overtime, I have been able to understand the ignorance is as a result of illiteracy, and if illiteracy is not properly managed it could bring about poverty, that could lead to hunger and disease. So, if the standard of education is improve upon; then poverty, illiteracy, hunger, ignorance and disease will become a thin of the past in Nigeria universities.
- Improve Standard of Living: if education is properly handle, it will go a long way to improve the standard of living for people, by providing them with adequate social amenities such as good health care system, electricity, pipe born water, good roads and on .
- Lack of Financial Constraints: the gross under- funding of the educational sector in the country generally and neglect of the maintenance of physical facilities has contributed to the problems contorting the educational system.
If you visit some of the government owned institutions, you will discovered the deplorable state of facilities in our tertiary institutions, starting from broken-down buildings, to inadequate furniture’s, and conducive learning environment. You will be startled to see the condition under which students receive lectures.
- Good Governance and Genuine Democracy: it is no longer news that the rule of law guarantees transparency, credibility and the safety of human rights although Nigeria lacks all seriousness, where each and every citizen knows their right, and know what to do when their right is violated.
- Fall in Standard: the concept of acquiring knowledge is supposed to help us fight against illiteracy, ignorance, poverty and diseases. Regrettably, illiteracy and ignorance has become one of the dominating factors in our society. Standard of education has been fallen cryptically over the years, and the gap between and ignorance has now become too broaden.
Some of the problems that are associated with the fallen in standard of education in Nigeria are the qualities of education received in universities and other schools.
In conclusion, after going through the prospects of education in Nigeria universities you will find out that the result of all this prospects is producing “half-baked graduates in Nigeria.
In the hand the effect of education in Nigeria is becoming one of the most important factors to student’s success in our society or country. Whether the student lives in poverty or among the wealthiest in our country he/she will be able to express themselves properly, write good sentences and can argue constructively no matter the student background.
Finally I will say that education is necessary to advance in any situation you find yourself.